Endoscopic Spine Surgery

Endoscopic Spine Surgery is a type of Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery (MISS). It is the most advanced surgical method which uses smaller incisions with an endoscope for visualization. Endoscopic technique is a revolutionary surgical technique. This type of Minimally-Invasive Spine Surgery (MISS) provides quicker recovery and less pain than traditional spine surgery. Spine surgeon can perform any complicated spine surgery by using an endoscopic technique.


Procedure of Endoscopic Spine Surgery

Endoscopic Spine Surgery is performed by a well experienced and skillful Spine Surgeon.

  • Before undergoing endoscopic spine surgery, the patient is given a general anesthesia.
  • Doctor carefully watches patient’s vital signs like heart rate and blood pressure before and during the surgery.
  • Patient is also given antibiotics before and after the surgery. This is to help prevent infection.
  • During the procedure, spine surgeon uses a special type of X-ray to view the surgery.
  • Then surgeon makes a small incision on back in the area of the treatment. A tubular retractor is put into this incision. This exposes the part of the spine where actual treatment is required.
  • The surgeon the passes small tools through this retractor. This includes a tiny camera and a light. This special surgical tool is known as an Endoscope.
  • Surgeon then makes the needed repairs to the spine.
  • Finally, when the surgery is done, the tools and retractor are removed. The incisions are closed with stitches. A small bandage is put on the wound.

Endoscopic Spine Surgery is used to treat various spine conditions including:


  • Degenerative disc disease
  • Herniated disc
  • Lumbar spinal stenosis
  • Spinal deformities such as scoliosis
  • Spinal infections
  • Spinal instability
  • Vertebral compression fractures
  • Spinal Tumors

Advantages of Endoscopic Spine Surgery

Advantages of minimally invasive endoscopic spine surgery include:

  • Smaller incision
  • Minimal blood loss
  • Faster recovery
  • Improved quality of life
  • Less hospital stay
  • No tissue cut
  • Preservation of spinal mobility
  • High success rate

Types of Endoscopic Spine Surgery


Endoscopic Discectomy

Endoscopic Discectomy is a common type of endoscopic spinal surgery. It is a minimally invasive surgical procedure used to remove herniated disc material that is causing pain in the lower back and legs (lumbar), mid back (thoracic) or neck and arms (cervical).

Endoscopic Foraminotomy

Endoscopic Foraminotomy is a minimally invasive spine surgery used to relieve pressure to spinal nerve roots caused by compression from bone spurs, disc herniations, scar tissue or excessive ligaments.

  • Endoscopic Facet Rhizotomy

The Endoscopic Facet Rhizotomy procedure is a minimally invasive spine surgery used to deaden affected nerves causing chronic back and neck pain. This is a safe, effective and provides long-term benefit to patient.

  • Endoscopic Laminotomy

 Endoscopic Laminotomy is a minimally invasive spine procedure that offers an alternative to a traditional or open Laminotomy. During laminectomy procedure the surgeon removes part of the lamina, fatty ligaments, bone spurs and herniated disc materials relieving pressure on the nerves by giving them more space within the spinal column.

Endoscopic Spine Surgery is highly safer and do not cause any severe infections. Hence many spine surgeons prefer to perform spine surgeries by using endoscopic technique. Endoscopic spine surgery is has higher success rate than traditional open surgery.